Cybersecurity has become a top priority of the U.S. federal government in recent years, as cyberattacks and online spying have become more sophisticated and difficult to prevent. The implications of our enemies gaining access to vast computer and electronic networks to either gain intelligence about how systems operate or to disrupt and control them are serious and could cause extensive and costly disruptions to systems.
Government cybersecurity careers exist in every agency and department but are mostly in the Department of Homeland Security, which is tasked with keeping the U.S. safe from every kind of possible foreign attack, including online ones. The Department of Defense and the White House are also other areas of government that need special protection from cybercriminals who may want to gain sensitive information or disrupt operations.
Identifying the Core Skills and Qualifications
Cybersecurity jobs require several essential skills in order to perform effectively. A thorough understanding of computer coding and programming, networks, and servers is the foundation for any cybersecurity position. Expertise in encryption and how to break it, firewall management, and detecting intrusions are important skills. Soft skills like problem-solving, collaboration, and adaptability are also important.
Certainly, a bachelors or higher degree in IT is helpful for cybersecurity employment, but like most IT jobs, a degree is not always required if you can show you have the skills and qualifications. Certifications are also helpful since they test both skills and knowledge. Some helpful cybersecurity certifications include CISSP, CISM, and Ethical Hacker, all available through CompTIA.
Understanding the Various Roles and Opportunities
Here are some of the main job titles and roles for government IT employment in the cybersecurity area and a brief description of what they entail.
Cybersecurity Analyst: The CISA website says this position “handles analysis and development of the integration, testing, operations, and maintenance of systems security.” Knowledge of the systems being used, security trends, objectives, and development are necessary, among other skills.
Cyber Defense Forensic Analyst: This role is focused on previous intrusions or intrusion attempts and looks at evidence to analyze how they occurred as well as vulnerabilities that could allow future intrusions to occur.
Security Architect: Architects design and build things, so security architects design and build security features and systems that will keep them safe from hacking and cyberattacks.
Information Security Manager: This position oversees other cybersecurity talent in a larger agency or organization. A manager will ensure that initiatives are implemented effectively, as well as identifying and managing leadership talent, team structures, and project management.
The Department of Homeland Security is said to have the highest demand for cybersecurity professionals. Other agencies with high needs in this area include the FBI and CISA, the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, which is also part of the federal government.
The Application and Hiring Process
The hiring process for a government cybersecurity position can be more involved than applying for positions outside the government. For most cybersecurity jobs, security clearances must be obtained along with background checks and the usual interviews to determine qualifications.
Although there can be significantly more bureaucratic red tape for a government job, the usual resume and cover letter advice still applies. Highlighting your accomplishments in various roles and using keywords so that ATS can scan your resume accurately are usually the best ways to stand out from the crowd and distinguish yourself.
Once you do get through the process of being hired for a government role, it tends to be more secure over the long term than other positions in the field that are not government-affiliated. Opportunities for advancement are typically plentiful for those who work toward them, and pay is midrange, similar to a mid-size company.
Continuous Learning and Career Advancement
The cybersecurity field is constantly changing as cybercriminals come up with new ways to compromise networks on an almost daily basis. Even more than other IT jobs, continuous learning is crucial for cybersecurity jobs to have any chance of keeping up with these resourceful hackers.
To aid in continuous learning, government cybersecurity jobs offer tuition reimbursement and student loan assistance. Continuing your formal education can lead to advancement as new skills develop.
Networking and Professional Associations
Networking and joining professional associations can be one important pathway to getting a government cybersecurity job. While some jobs are advertised on websites or through other channels, it still helps to have contacts who may be able to refer or recommend you for a particular position.
One group that can be beneficial is ISACA, a professional membership organization committed to the advancement of digital trust by empowering IS/IT professionals to grow their skills and knowledge in audit, cybersecurity, emerging tech and more. This international group, with over 50 years of experience, focuses on IT governance and offers several certifications related to IT and cybersecurity.
(ISC)2 is another organization that focuses specifically on cybersecurity and also provides multiple certifications in this area. Belonging to one or more of these organizations shows that you take your IT career seriously and that you are an achiever in this area.
Conclusion: A Rewarding Career Path
A cybersecurity job in the U.S. government can be rewarding for more than just the job security and fairly decent paycheck. You could be protecting citizens from any number of attacks or the negative consequences cyberattacks can have on the average American citizen, including impacts on the power grid, identity theft, and even warfare.
Pursuing a career in this field can lead to a noble profession that gives you job security, growth opportunities, and the chance to make a significant impact on your country and your world.
Your ideal job is waiting for you. Let’s find it.